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Federal law, Public Law 108-446, The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, defines the purpose of the legislation that governs education programs for children with  special needs in the United States.


Section 601(d)(1)(A): “… to ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for further education, employment, and independent living;”


The definition of related services is found in Section 602(26) of PL 108-446.

“Related services—The term ‘related services’ means transportation and such developmental, corrective and other supportive services (including...physical and occupational therapy…) as may be required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education, and includes the early identification and assessment of disabling conditions in children.”





Here is a review of some Frequently Asked Questions

about related service decision-making approaches used

by therapists and other IEP team members.





More Frequently Asked Questions -

decisions about therapy in students’ IEPs,

consultation services, measuring student progress and others.



Frequently Asked Questions #3

More on decision-making, medical versus educational

models and evaluation in the schools.




If the information in these FAQs is useful for you, feel free to print, copy and distribute any of these issues to parents, therapists, teachers and administrators.

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Related Services


Click here to read TASH’s resolution

on related services,






Read through these papers and then send any of your  comments or questions to me at mary@kidsot.com.  Or, if you’d like, submit your own commentary for consideration.









Related services for students with special needs.




Do we miss the point with “make-up sessions?”



Therapists in the schools should read the US Secretary’s speech on the State of American Education and his comments on IDEA, 25 years after it was enacted.